The world’s highest geysers

geiser

The word is taken from the Icelandic geyser and its meaning is “emanate”. Geysers are hot springs whose periodic eruptions eject (stem) to the earth’s surface and hot steam. While Iceland is the geyser that name, by extension calls and all these springs.

The Geysers is located about 4,200 km in the north of Chile, in the Atacama Valley. The formation is about 95 km from the city of San Pedro de Atacama which can be reached by a flight from the capital, Santiago, Chile (1,600 km, approximately).

The Geysers geothermal field is a little over 3 km long consisting of 40 geysers, fumaroles 60 springs and 70 also called hydrothermal vents (cracks on the Earth’s surface by escaping a combination of water and water vapor source geothermal). Worldwide, it is the third largest in size, the first in South America and second in America after the geysers of Yellowstone National Park.

The visit to the Tatio Geysers (or “old crying”) is a unique show of magnificence and pride naturally. At dawn and freezing temperatures we see a majestic column of water and steam at 85 ° between peaks rising up to 6,000 meters, in a salt land and sometimes soft.

While Tatio Geysers without infrastructure, it is possible to stay overnight in the village of Machuca (4,000 km), or in the town of San Pedro de Atacama and from there return to Santiago.

The Geysers are a natural spectacle that every tourist should see. In addition, and in recent years have been the subject of intense debates on environmental care and sustainable energy development.